Landscape design focuses on both the integrated master landscape planning of a property and the specific garden design of landscape elements and plants within it. The practical, aesthetic, horticultural, and environmental sustainability components are the key elements of landscape design. Landscape design is often divided into hardscape design and softscape design. Landscape designers often collaborate with related disciplines such as architecture and geography, soils and civil engineering, surveying, landscape contracting, botany, and artisan specialties.

Key Design factors: 

  • Climate and microclimates

  • Topography and orientation

  • Site drainage and groundwater recharge

  • Municipal and resource building codes

  • Soils and irrigation; human and vehicular access and circulation

  • Recreational amenities

  • Furnishings and lighting

  • Native plant habitat botany when present

  • Property safety and security

  • Construction detailing

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